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Access and download collection of free Templates to help power your productivity and performance. Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. There may also be a case where you may incur a loss on sale of inventory. Then, in that case, the cost of goods sold is derived by adding the gross loss to the cost of goods sold.

It also helps increase profitability by increasing revenue relative to fixed costs such as store leases, as well as the cost of labor. In some cases, however, high inventory turnover can be a sign of inadequate inventory that is costing the company sales. A high inventory turnover ratio, on the other hand, suggests strong sales. Alternatively, it could be the result of insufficient inventory. As problems go, ensuring a company has sufficient inventory to support strong sales is a better one to have than needing to scale down inventory because business is lagging.

Be sure you read a company’s financial statements and any notes to get a full picture. Income ratio is a metric used to measure the ability of a technology to recover the investment costs through savings achieved from customer utility bill cost reduction. The ratio divides the “savings” by the “investment”; an SIR score above 1 indicates that a household can recover the investment. However, if a company’s inventory has an abnormally high turnover, it could also be a sign that management is ordering inadequate inventory as opposed to managing inventory well. These two account balances are then divided in half to obtain the average cost of goods resulting in sales.

  • Advertising and marketing efforts are another great way to boost your inventory turnover ratio.
  • Regarding the inventory turnover, the bigger the number, the better.
  • Switch to a fully automated process and achieve your desired organizational goals by improving the inventory turnover ratio.
  • The ratio number is an essential indicator of how efficiently your company sells its products and services.
  • Conversely, if a company needs fewer days to get rid of its inventory, it will be in a better financial position since the cash inflows will be more robust.

For an investor, keeping an eye on inventory levels as a part of the current assets is important because it allows you to track overall company liquidity. This means that the inventory’s sell cash can cover the short-term debt that a company might have. If you are interested in learning more about liquidity, how to track it, and other financial ratios, check out our two tools current ratio calculator and quick ratio calculator. Note that depending on your accounting method, COGS could be higher or lower.

One crucial factor is your forecasting algorithm, which you use to predict future customer demand for consumer goods and adjust inventory segmentation accordingly. Capacity planning is not just about operating revenue predicting how much product you can sell but also understanding how quickly you can make more products. Calculate accurate inventory by spending less time on route planning and optimization.

Practical Example of Inventory Turnover Ratio

You can improve weak sales by making shopping with you exciting. Beyond just selling products, your employees can make your store a memorable brand that customers want to keep coming back to. With those numbers on hand, we look at our inventory turnover ratio formula. This measurement also shows investors how liquid a company’s inventory is.

  • Cost of goods sold is derived simply by reducing the profit from the revenue generated.
  • As an example, let’s say that a business reported the cost of goods sold on its income statement as $1.5 million.
  • You get this ratio by dividing the cost of merchandise sold by the average inventory.

Inventory turnover can be compared to historical turnover ratios, planned ratios, and industry averages to assess competitiveness and intra-industry performance. Low turnover implies that a company’s sales are poor, it is carrying too much inventory, or experiencing poor inventory management. Unsold inventory can face significant risks from fluctuating market prices and obsolescence. Inventory turnover is only useful for comparing similar companies, because the ratio varies widely by industry. For example, listed U.S. auto dealers turned over their inventory every 55 days on average in 2021, compared with every 23 days for publicly traded food store chains.

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Sign up to receive more well-researched small business articles and topics in your inbox, personalized for you. Creditors are particularly interested in this because inventory is often put up as collateral for loans. A line of credit allows a small business to borrow as much as it needs, up to the limit, when needed. Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us.

Identifying Challenges in Operations

A low turnover rate can indicate that sales are slow or that you’ve overstocked. Stock turn, stock turnover, and inventory turns are other common names for inventory turnover ratio. The inventory turnover ratio measures how many times the inventory is sold and replaced over a given period.


A high inventory turnover ratio typically signals efficiency and profitability. So, when you spot a high ratio, it often means the company’s doing something right in its sales or inventory management strategies. The inventory turnover ratio (ITR) is a formula that helps you figure out how long it takes for a business to sell its entire inventory. A higher ITR usually means that a business has strong sales, compared to a company with a lower ITR. For 2021, the company’s inventory turnover ratio comes out to 2.0x, which indicates that the company has sold off its entire average inventory approximately 2.0 times across the period.

Definition and Examples of Inventory Turnover Ratio

Periodically assess which products fly off the shelves and which linger. For instance, if a particular style of shoes isn’t selling, it might be time to phase them out. Strengthen your supply chain to avoid those annoying late deliveries.

Too much and too little stock can drag down your bottom line. The best way to reduce the amount of money and supply chain issues is the amount of inventory you need in the first place. Let’s break down the formula for inventory turnover, and understand its components. You can calculate your average assets by taking the value of your assets at the start of the year added to your assets at the end of the year. If you want to chat about how Lightspeed’s built-in reports and tools could help you become an inventory management and forecasting wizard, get in touch.

Key Takeaways of the Inventory Turnover Ratio

The inventory turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that measures the number of times a company sells and replaces stock during a set period, generally one year. It is an important bookkeeping task that can make a major impact on your business’s success. While you shouldn’t base decisions solely on it, a high inventory turnover is generally positive and means you have good inventory control, while a low ratio typically indicates the opposite. There are exceptions to this rule that we also cover in this article.

Inventory turnover is a crucial measurement for understanding how your business is performing. This metric can help you make more informed decisions regarding manufacturing, buying products, storing inventory, marketing, and selling goods to customers. However, it can also mean you’re not putting in big enough orders when you restock. If your inventory turnover ratio is exceptionally high, your customers may be frequently running into empty shelves as they wait for you to reorder goods.

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